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Manual Section... (2) - page: timer_getoverrun

 

NAME

timer_getoverrun - get overrun count for a POSIX per-process timer  

SYNOPSIS

#include <time.h>

int timer_getoverrun(timer_t timerid);

Link with -lrt.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

timer_getoverrun(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 199309  

DESCRIPTION

timer_getoverrun() returns the "overrun count" for the timer referred to by timerid. An application can use the overrun count to accurately calculate the number of timer expirations that would have occurred over a given time interval. Timer overruns can occur both when receiving expiration notifications via signals (SIGEV_SIGNAL), and via threads (SIGEV_THREAD).

When expiration notifications are delivered via a signal, overruns can occur as follows. Regardless of whether or not a real-time signal is used for timer notifications, the system queues at most one signal per timer. (This is the behavior specified by POSIX.1-2001. The alternative, queuing one signal for each timer expiration, could easily result in overflowing the allowed limits for queued signals on the system.) Because of system scheduling delays, or because the signal may be temporarily blocked, there can be a delay between the time when the notification signal is generated and the time when it is delivered (e.g., caught by a signal handler) or accepted (e.g., using sigwaitinfo(2)). In this interval, further timer expirations may occur. The timer overrun count is the number of additional timer expirations that occurred between the time when the signal was generated and when it was delivered or accepted.

Timer overruns can also occur when expiration notifications are delivered via invocation of a thread, since there may be an arbitrary delay between an expiration of the timer and the invocation of the notification thread, and in that delay interval, additional timer expirations may occur  

RETURN VALUE

On success, timer_getoverrun() returns the overrun count of the specified timer; this count may be 0 if no overruns have occurred. On failure, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

EINVAL
timerid is not a valid timer ID.
 

VERSIONS

This system call is available since Linux 2.6.  

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001  

NOTES

When timer notifications are delivered via signals (SIGEV_SIGNAL), on Linux it is also possible to obtain the overrun count via the si_overrun field of the siginfo_t structure (see sigaction(2)). This allows an application to avoid the overhead of making a system call to obtain the overrun count, but is a nonportable extension to POSIX.1-2001.

POSIX.1-2001 only discusses timer overruns in the context of timer notifications using signals.  

BUGS

POSIX.1-2001 specifies that if the timer overrun count is equal to or greater than an implementation-defined maximum, DELAYTIMER_MAX, then timer_getoverrun() should return DELAYTIMER_MAX. However, Linux does not implement this feature: instead, if the timer overrun value exceeds the maximum representable integer, the counter cycles, starting once more from low values.  

EXAMPLE

See timer_create(2).  

SEE ALSO

clock_gettime(2), sigaction(2), signalfd(2), sigwaitinfo(2), timer_create(2), timer_delete(2), timer_settime(2), signal(7), time(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.24 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
VERSIONS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
BUGS
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 15:26:27 GMT, June 11, 2010

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