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Manual Section... (8) - page: dpkg-divert

 

NAME

dpkg-divert - override a package's version of a file  

SYNOPSIS

dpkg-divert [options] command  

DESCRIPTION

dpkg-divert is the utility used to set up and update the list of diversions.

File diversions are a way of forcing dpkg(1) not to install a file into its location, but to a diverted location. Diversions can be used through the Debian package scripts to move a file away when it causes a conflict. System administrators can also use it to override some package's configuration file, or whenever some files (which aren't marked as 'conffiles') need to be preserved by dpkg, when installing a newer version of a package which contains those files.

 

COMMANDS

[--add] file
Add a diversion for file.
--remove file
Remove a diversion for file.
--list glob-pattern
List diversions matching glob-pattern.
--listpackage file
Print the name of the package that diverts file. Prints LOCAL if file is locally diverted and nothing if file is not diverted.
--truename file
Print the real name for a diverted file.
 

OPTIONS

--admindir directory
Set the dpkg data directory to directory (default: /var/lib/dpkg).
--divert divert-to
divert-to is the location where the versions of file, as provided by other packages, will be diverted.
--local
Specifies that all packages' versions of this file are diverted. This means, that there are no exceptions, and whatever package is installed, the file is diverted. This can be used by an admin to install a locally modified version.
--package package
package is the name of a package whose copy of file will not be diverted. i.e. file will be diverted for all packages except package.
--quiet
Quiet mode, i.e. no verbose output.
--rename
Actually move the file aside (or back). dpkg-divert will abort operation in case the destination file already exists.
--test
Test mode, i.e. don't actually perform any changes, just demonstrate.
--help
Show the usage message and exit.
--version
Show the version and exit.
 

NOTES

When adding, default is --local and --divert <original>.distrib. When removing, --package or --local and --divert must match if specified.

Directories can't be diverted with dpkg-divert.

Care should be taken when diverting shared libraries, ldconfig(8) creates a symbolic link based on the DT_SONAME field embedded in the library. Because ldconfig doesn't honour diverts (only dpkg does), the symlink may end up pointing at the diverted library, if a diverted library has the same SONAME as the undiverted one.  

EXAMPLES

To divert all copies of a /usr/bin/example to /usr/bin/example.foo, i.e. directs all packages providing /usr/bin/example to install it as /usr/bin/example.foo, performing the rename if required:
dpkg-divert --divert /usr/bin/example.foo --rename /usr/bin/example

To remove that diversion:

dpkg-divert --rename --remove /usr/bin/example

To divert any package trying to install /usr/bin/example to /usr/bin/example.foo, except your own wibble package:

dpkg-divert --package wibble --divert /usr/bin/example.foo --rename /usr/bin/example

To remove that diversion:

dpkg-divert --package wibble --rename --remove /usr/bin/example
 

FILES

/var/lib/dpkg/diversions
File which contains the current list of diversions of the system. It is located in the dpkg administration directory, along with other files important to dpkg, such as status or available.
Note: dpkg-divert preserves the old copy of this file, with extension -old, before replacing it with the new one.
 

SEE ALSO

dpkg(1).  

AUTHOR

Copyright © 1995 Ian Jackson

This is free software; see the GNU General Public Licence version 2 or later for copying conditions. There is NO WARRANTY.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COMMANDS
OPTIONS
NOTES
EXAMPLES
FILES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 15:28:02 GMT, June 11, 2010

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